Divine Word Missionaries

Sacrament of Reconciliation

The Council of Trent infallibly declared that Penance is one of the Seven Sacraments, instituted by Christ.
As with all the Sacraments, its primary purpose and effect is the bestowal of God's Grace, Sanctifying Grace and Sacramental Grace. It's secondary purpose is the forgiveness and absolution of sins.
Form of Private Confession

Prayer before confession
O Lord, grant me light to see myself as Thou dost see me and the grace to be truly and efficaciously contrite for my sins. O Mary, help me to make a good confession.
The penitent should prepare to receive the Sacrament of Penance with a careful Examination of Conscience, recalling the Commandments of God, the Precepts of the Church and the duties of a particular state of life. Silent Reflection should be accompanied by prayer, especially to the Holy Spirit, and Scripture reading. One should recall and regret all of the sins committed since the last Confession. 
After the penitent has recalled all of the sins to be confessed and mentally expressed genuine sorrow for them, the confessional or other place set aside for the celebration of the Sacrament is entered. After being welcomed by the priest, the penitent makes the sign of the cross saying: 
In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen.
The priest may read a short Scripture passage, then the penitent states the time since the last confession and confesses the sins recalled during the examination of conscience, including all mortal sins.
After the sins are confessed, the priest counsels the penitent and asks the penitent to do a penance, usually some prayers or a charitable work. The penitent accepts the penance.
The penitent expresses sorrow for sin in his or her own words, or by saying an Act of Contrition: 
O my God, I am heartily sorry for having offended you. I detest all my sins because of your just punishments, but most of all because they offend you, my God, who are all good and deserving of all my love. I firmly resolve, with the help of your grace, to sin no more and to avoid the occasions of sin. Amen.
The priest then gives absolution saying:
God the Father of mercies, through the death and resurrection of his Son has reconciled the world to himself and sent the Holy Spirit among us for the forgiveness of sins; through the ministry of the Church may God give you pardon and peace, and I absolve you from your sins in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.
The penitent replies:
The priest then says:
Give thanks to the Lord, for He is good.
The penitent replies:
His mercy endures forever.
The penitent is then dismissed by the priest in the peace of Christ
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